Adult stem cells are primitive, undifferentiated body cells.
They are the foundation for the creation of tissue and organs, and their main properties include: the ability to repair an organ, the ability to reproduce and the ability to differentiate into the specific type of cells in the tissue they are placed (e.g. chondrocytes, if they are placed in an area with cartilage deficiency).
The effectiveness and safety of bone marrow stem cell therapy has been established through a large number of studies for many years.
According to recent FDA guidelines, stem cell therapies must be administered in one stage (i.e. harvesting, separation and application must be performed at the same time).
It is no longer permitted to manipulate (i.e. cultivate) stem cells in the laboratory.
The procedure is non-invasive, painless and does not require hospitalization.
The stem cell applications for musculoskeletal problems include:
- Early and moderate chondropathy/osteoarthritis (usually of the knee, hip or shoulder)
- Partial tear of the anterior or posterior knee cruciate ligament
- Partial meniscus tear
- Early-stage aseptic necrosis of the femoral head in the hip
- Bone deficits
- Delayed fracture healing
- Partial tendon tear (e.g. supraspinatus, Achilles, patellar)
- Muscle contusion